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Outbuildings & Follies

AS SUBORDINATE AS THEY MAY APPEAR, outbuildings were historically the heart of any homestead. Often designed to serve a specific function, ancillary structures of all shapes and forms were a ubiquitous part of our rural landscape. For people of means, accessory structures were also a symbol of prestige and wealth, classical monuments built purely as folly. The way of life that once compelled such structures has, for many, faded into memory. But the romance of such structures, whether humble or ornate, still captivates our imagination. With whimsy and creativity, they give soul to a place: architectural compositions that add balance, hierarchy, and a sense of history. While equestrian and agrarian structures such as barns and stables remain relevant in today’s design, the bygone smokehouse, root cellar, dairy, dovecote, or cookhouse (to name just a few) still have a place, re-interpreted for the needs of modern living. Uses for such forms abound, from guest houses and studios to potting sheds and pool cabanas, perpetuating the architectural heritage and quiet dignity of the often overlooked outbuilding for future generations.

REFERENCING HISTORICAL PATTERNS, this site study considers
three distinct concepts for a new house and its dependencies.

IN ADDITION TO BEING UNIQUE and purposeful in their own right, ancillary structures were often placed on a site with a dual purpose. First and foremost, they were located for efficiency and function in accordance with their intended use. With almost equal importance, they were located in such a way as to shape the landscape and the experience of a property; by creating a screen or edge for an outdoor room, terminating a key vista from one point of the property to another, or creating an intended gateway or entry sequence intuitively guiding visitors through the property. One only has to look to the properties of our founding fathers such as Madison’s Montpelier, Jefferson’s Monticello, and Washington’s Mount Vernon to see the important role that accessory structures played for the estate as a whole, enhancing one’s experience of the main house on a variety of levels.

Dean Hall
Seabrook, South Carolina

IN THE ANTEBELLUM SOUTH, lanterns were hung in trees to aid navigation at night along the region’s back rivers. This new lantern is a playful adaptation - part folly, part beacon - used as an intimate space for entertaining on this historic estate.

FROM THE CIRCA 1827 DEAN HALL, one can catch a glimpse of the guest cottages through the Live Oak canopy. Simple and honest materials, evocative of the region’s centuried vernacular, imbue the new cottages with a sense of age. Heart pine, indigenous brick, and an antique mantle are but a few touches that allow these young additions to complement the site’s history and heritage.

Cabins and Bunkies

ON A NARROW RIDGE in the North Carolina mountains, these cabins recede into the landscape as if they have stood for a hundred years, but they are actually new structures composed entirely of reclaimed and indigenous materials. Rusty tin sheathing and boards of chestnut, poplar, and pine salvaged from local barns and houses offer the authentic patina of age. Stacked stone piers and fireplaces, made with rocks plucked from nearby mountains, convey the rugged craftsmanship of centuries past.

METICULOUSLY DISMANTLED, MOVED, AND REASSEMBLED, this 1830s log house was expanded by splitting it down the middle and adding a central hallway to create a dogtrot layout. Named for the central open-air passageways through which a dog could trot, this form was common in the rural South. Working in traditional methods, craftsmen hand-set the original dovetail joints and chinked the spaces between the hewn logs with plaster. To create additional room in this re-imagined guest house, the ceiling was raised to accommodate two sleeping lofts accessible only by primitive ladders, as they would have been in the nineteenth century.

The Anatomy of a Bunkie

The Barn and Beyond

“A LONG TIME AGO, it was not uncommon to ride along a narrow dirt road
and come upon a home place where the barn was on one side
and the dwelling house on the other.”
~ Ferrol Sams

INSPIRED BY THE REFINED BARNS found on equestrian estates,
this soulful carriage house was built in the traditional post and beam fashion.

Agrarian Sophisticates

HAND MOLDED BRICK and rustic wood lintels add
a touch of Acadian influence to these outbuildings,
a traditional pigeonnier and carriage house.

BASED ON AN 1860s SMOKEHOUSE, this anything-but-utilitarian guest house exudes a high level of sophistication. While its roots are a simple agrarian form, the materials and details help to maintain architectural harmony with the Greek Revival influences of the estate’s main house.

Classical Inspirations

~Palladio Award from Traditional Building & Period Homes~

THE GREEK PAVILION COTTAGE is a fun twist on classical architecture. This guest home employs the Greek temple form with an organic edge. Traditional Greek Doric columns, interpreted as trellises, support native vines to incorporate the landscape as an architectural element. Inside the main temple mass, the glass enclosed sitting room offers spectacular coastal views through a series of large Greek column pilasters with lattice detail. An intricate ceiling echoes the coffers of ancient Greek and Roman buildings.

~Shutze Award from the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art~

THIS CLASSICAL POOL PAVILION is a recent addition to a historic rice plantation in South Carolina and was inspired by the form of an orangery, a glass-enclosed structure historically used to winter citrus trees. Once a symbol of prestige, the orangery offered the ideal precedent and architectural form to reinterpret the linear nature of a lap pool. Based on the design of Palladian-inspired garden structures, this new building is respectful of the ancestral integrity of the site.